If you ask people what the difference is between the Internet and the World Wide Web, many will say they’re one and the same. However, the Internet was created in December 1974 – fifteen years before the WWW even existed.
In basic terms, the Internet is a massive networking infrastructure that connects billions of computers together across the world and the World Wide Web is a portion of the Internet.
The Internet was invented when American electrical engineer Robert Kahn collaborated with Vinton Cerf, (former manager of the US Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency) to design Transmission Control Protocol. This is a standard used to establish a network conversation via application programs that can exchange data.
They published their TCP in a program called RFC 675, with the first commercial version, Telenet, being launched soon afterwards. The American packet-switched network was the first of its kind available to the public. Government and commercial offices paid a fee for dedicated lines to connect their computers to local networks, while many cities provided free dial-up access to Telenet for the general public.
Kahn and Cerf’s breakthrough discovery was recognised by President Bill Clinton in December 1997, when he presented them with the US National Medal of Technology.
World Wide Web
Computer scientist and engineer Tim Berners-Lee then created the World Wide Web 15 years later, in 1989. At the time, he was a fellow of CERN, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research and the home of Europe’s largest internet node.
After studying at Queen’s College, Oxford, from 1973 to 1976, he began developing the WWW in the early ’80s – he earned a first-class Bachelor of Arts degree. In 1980, he became an independent contractor for CERN, and he started working on an innovative project to share data among the organisation’s researchers using hypertext.
His first prototype, ENQUIRE, was used to demonstrate the concept, although it required more work. Berners-Lee gained experience in computer networking during a stint running technical operations at Image Computer Systems Ltd, before returning to CERN – this time as a fellow – to complete the development of the WWW.
First Web browser
In November 1989, he successfully implemented the world’s first communication via the internet, between a server and a Hypertext Transfer Protocol client, based on the ENQUIRE system idea. The first Web browser, known as WorldWideWeb, ran on the NEXTSTEP operating system, while the first Web server was CERN HTTPd.
He chose to give the WWW to the world for free following his discovery. Now aged 62, he is a professor of computer science at Queen’s College, Oxford, the director of the World Wide Web Consortium and founder of the World Wide Web Foundation. Modestly, he says that most of the technology for the WWW had already been designed and that he just ‘put it all together.’
Today, the Internet and the World Wide Web have become a necessity in our daily lives. The Internet is a huge networking infrastructure that connects billions of computers together across the planet, enabling them to communicate with each other. Across the world, an estimated 3.7 billion people use the Internet.
The Web is a portion of the Internet – something that has changed lives for businesses and individuals alike. It enables us to communicate quickly with anyone, anywhere, easily sharing information, photos and links with friends and business contacts and keeping in contact with people all over the world in real time.
There has never been a better time for businesses, who can use marketing and SEO strategies to build traffic to their website – creating opportunities to sell products and services to a global client base.
Video conferencing facilitates virtual conferences with colleagues at other locations anywhere on the planet, while mobile devices enable business people to run their office on the move, whether they’re on a train, in a hotel or anywhere else, as long as there’s internet access.
Social networking allows you to keep in touch with friends and family from any device. You can watch videos wherever you are, network online, or ask for advice on just about every topic by asking a question on a consumer site or special interest group.
Unlimited information is available at the click of a button, while sat nav technology means never getting lost on the road again! You can write and read reviews on anything, from buying goods and services, to universities and medical services.
The goal of the World Wide Web Foundation is to bring the Web literally to the whole world, changing government policy if necessary to provide digital equality everywhere, so that people in all countries can freely access the Internet.
Here at The Cornwall SEO Co., we recognise the immense importance of the WWW and how it can positively impact on your business. We can help you to build traffic to your website through content marketing, social media promotion and search engine optimisation. To benefit from our years of experience and expertise, please contact us for further information.